The Ultima series of computer role playing games uses a system of magic which works by stringing words of power together. This system is used starting from Ultima IV, which uses the runic alphabet listed below. One advantage of this is that one can quickly identify a spell with a couple of letters.
These power words seem to be set in the language of the gargoyles, and related to the mantras for virtues. For instance, the gargoyle Beh Lem's name means "just one", and "Beh" is the mantra for justice.
A common staple of the game was the need for reagent in order for the spells to work. These were typically black pearl, Blood Moss, garlic, ginseng, mandrake root, Nightshade, and Spider's silk. Different spells would require different combinations.
|Frio||Cold||Added in Serpent Isle|
|Grav||Energy / Field|
- In Lor - "create light"
- Vas Lor - "great light" or sunlight
- An Sanct - "negate protection", or curse
- Ort Por - "magic movement", or teleportation
- Kal Xen Corp - "invoke creature of death" (A.K.A. summon daemon)
- Vas Corp Bet Mani - the infamous Armageddon spell
Ultima VIII: PaganEdit
Ultima VIII: Pagan employed a different set of magic systems than that seen in prior installments of the series. Magic was divided into five schools, four of which were available to the player. Each school had a unique method of casting.
- Necromancy — governed by the element of Earth. Spells in this school were cast by consuming a token magically prepared in advance from various reagents sealed in a bag. Necromantic spells generally involved communing or fighting with the undead or golems.
- Theurgy — governed by the element of Air. Spells in this school were cast by using specific, non-consumed holy symbols and generally involved healing and wind-powered movement or manipulation.
- Sorcery — governed by the element of Fire. Spells in this school were cast by consuming magically crafted tokens created from reagents and specific candles arranged on the points of a pentagram. Spells of this school generally dealt with manipulating fire and demons.
- Tempestry — governed by the element of Water. Passed on via heredity among the Tempests, and not available to the player. Said to control the weather and the seas.
- Thaumaturgy — a non-elemental school taught by a reclusive wizard. Spells were cast from a spellbook and consumed reagents, some of them also used by Sorcery and Necromancy.
In The Silver Seed, the expansion pack for Ultima VII: Part 2, the player could acquire the powerful Ring of Reagents which would allow him to cast any spell as if he had an unlimited supply of reagents.