The Palazzo Senatorio is a building in Rome. It was built on top of one of the Seven Hills of Rome during the 13th and 14th centuries.
Built during the 13th and 14th century as the Template:Wiki seat for administration of justice in Rome, the Palazzo is the dominating structure of the Campidoglio. Tourists today would see an impressive double-flighted staircase in front, which was designed by Michelangelo.
Not only intended to induce fear in the climacophobic, these stairs were a part of a commission Michelangelo received to redo several of the buildings on the Campidoglio at the behest of Pope Paul III for the sole purpose of impressing Charles V, then ruler of the Holy Roman Empire.
The palace was built during the Roman town of experience, over the ruins of the ancient Tabularium. This building, which was just about the State Archives of Rome, was the only one left standing in the Republican (it's easy to see why looking at the walls of blocks tuff and peperino shown in light), the rebuilding necessitated by a fire of '83 BC
With the unquestionable strength of the structure and the high position, while the low Middle Ages was chosen by the family of baronial courses as a fortified place. In twelfth century became the seat of the medieval city, also used as the residence of Senator Administrator that, in fact, was running the city.
At the end of the Middle Ages the senatorial palace was a building with battlements on top of the hill, built with tufa and brick facing, to the sides of which stood four towers built in different periods, which are still visible both looking toward the hole, reachable only the use of beaten roads.
In 1538 Pope Paul III Farnese decided to reset the entire complex, entrusting the project and the work of Michelangelo.
changed the orientation of the building turning it into the lower town, where he now lives in Rome was concentrated, and also directed the construction of the 1541 and 1544. At his death the work continued under the direction of Giacomo Della Porta, who completed the facade in 1605. The work of the new palace lasted throughout the first half of XVII century, while the pavement of the square according to the original drawings were made only in 1940.
In front of the staircase is placed a large bowl, topped by a sculptural group, and this is made up of the Statue session Minerva, the center of the group, later transformed into a Goddess Rome, and by colossal statues of the river Nile to the left of the observer, and the river Tiber, right, for it is there to say that originally was Tigers, but was then transformed into the Tiber replacing tiger with the wolf.
Above the palace rises the bell tower was rebuilt to designs by Martino Longhi the Elder, following the destruction of the former medieval tower over 35 meters high and destroyed by lightning in the middle of the sixteenth century. Here was the bell' Patarine, brought here in 1200 by Viterbo, which was subtracted, which was used to summon councils or to rally the people in extraordinary events, today's bell dating to the nineteenth century, but continues to be called Patarine and plays in the election of Mayor in Rome. On top of the tower, protected by lightning, the statue of the patron saint of ancient Rome, Minerva.
Recently, in a hall of the palace were found frescos, remained hidden for long and damaged several times over the centuries, dating back to the twenties and thirties of the fourteenth century. The paintings portray a triumphant Christ, the saints Peter and Paul and traces of a halo, which belonged to a Virgin Mary. Some historians believe they may have been made by the workshop of Pietro Cavallini, others think the work of Philip Rusuti. Given the place of occurrence and the time the palace was the seat of the highest administrative authority of the city, it seems likely that it is worth the mastery of some of the best artists of the town. The presence of a symbol representing a noble column, next to the figure of St. Peter, he suggests the commission of Colonna family. The patron was identified by some scholars in the person of Cardinal Pietro Colonna. This, however, would backdate the work at the end of thirteenth century, the period between the 1288 and 1297. Palace of the Senate: discovered medieval triptych], roman Courier, June 15, 2010 </ ref> 
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